Long-term effects of a Diet
Adequate evidence suggests that the majority of diets and forms of nutrition, over a period of six months to a rather modest weight loss and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors. After twelve months, the weight reduction decreased and the improvements of cardiovascular risk factors disappeared to a large extent.
In the current study, the Monash University in Australia, it was found that after a six-month dietary weight loss and cardiovascular benefits of achieved are lifted after a period of twelve months, to a large extent. The results of the study were published in the English journal “BMJ”.
Obesity is increasing worldwide
Since the year 1975 has the number of people with obesity worldwide almost tripled, which led to an Abundance of dietary recommendations for weight control and for reduction of cardiovascular risk.
Relative efficacy of food consumption patterns and diets?
So far, however, there was no comprehensive analysis that compares the relative effects of various forms of nutrition and diets on weight loss and improvement of cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure and cholesterol levels. An international Team of researchers, it was now the task to determine the relative effectiveness of dietary patterns, and popular diets in overweight or obese adults.
121 studies were evaluated
The current investigation is based on the results of 121 randomised trials with a total of 21.942 participants who had an average age of 49 years. The Participants were either popular food forms, or they were part of the control group. The studies reported by the achieved weight loss and changes in cardiovascular risk factors.
Macro-nutrient pattern of the diet was found
The researchers distinguished the types of nutrition and diets according to your macro-nutrient patterns and to associate 14 popular, particular nutrition programs, including popular concepts such as Atkins, DASH and Mediterranean diet.
How did different types of nutrition?
Compared to a habitual diet low – carbohydrate and low-fat forms of food led to a similarly modest reduction in weight (between four and five kilograms), and a reduction in blood pressure after six months. Moderate macronutrient diets resulted in a slightly lower weight loss and blood pressure reduction.
Improvement in the level of HDL-cholesterol?
Among the popular diets achieved Atkins, DASH, and the Sears diet after six months compared to a usual diet has the greatest impact on the decrease in weight (between 3.5 and 5.5 kilograms), and blood pressure. However, none of these forms of diet improved the levels of the healthy HDL cholesterol, or of the reactive C Protein significantly.
Achieved benefits disappeared after twelve months
Overall, the weight loss decreased after twelve months for all food patterns, while the benefits achieved for the cardiovascular risk factors in Essential for all forms of eating again disappeared, with one exception: The Mediterranean diet.
You simply select the right Form of nutrition
Differences between the different diet forms are generally trivial to small, which means that the people Use for a short term for cardiovascular disease, the preferred diet of many of the available food forms, can choose, without having to worry about the extent of the benefits think, explains the research group.
How can you get a achieved weight loss to maintain?
Further research should not be on a specific choice of the diet is designed, and to focus instead on the question of how a achieved weight loss can be best maintained. (as)