On Wednesday, the world health organisation presented its new nutrition report. The world could be saved, according to this, millions of lives, would you allow people access to the right food. Also, the way the German can lead to diseases.
The world health organization (WHO) calls for the subject of nutrition as an integral component in health systems. So, according to the on Wednesday published nutrition report “the Essential Nutrition Actions: mainstreaming nutrition throughout the life course” by 2025, nearly four millions of human lives could be saved worldwide.
Malnutrition prevention – promoting health
Because so many people were compromised by inadequate or defective nutrition currently, as the report shows. With the optimal diet could thus also improve the health status of entire peoples. The report deals not only with malnutrition but also with Overweight and obesity, as well as the deficiency of individual nutrients, especially in special situations like Childhood, puberty or pregnancy.
The experts have in the context of its findings following global goals set:
- The number of underdeveloped children under the age of five should be reduced by 40 percent.
- The number of anemia cases among women of childbearing age should be reduced by 50 percent.
- The number of underweight newborn infants should be reduced by 30 percent.
- The number of overweight children should not continue to rise.
- The number of mothers who breast-feed their children exclusively with mother’s milk, is expected to rise to at least 50 percent.
- Acute malnutrition in children should be reduced to five percent and stay there.
Moreover, with a better nutrient supply according to the WHO, the following objectives will be achieved:
- The mortality rate due to cardiovascular disease, cancer, lung diseases, and Diabetes should be reduced by 25 percent.
- The Occurrence of high blood pressure should be reduced by 25 percent.
- The rise of Diabetes and obesity halt.
- The world population is expected to take 30 percent less salt and Sodium to.
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Policy in the duty
To achieve these goals, are in high demand according to WHO, the health systems and politicians of the individual countries. In case of doubt, for example, certain nutrients should be included in flour for bread to supply the population better with these. Who has in special life situations, with specific needs for certain nutrients, to bring these supplements. Also a better nutritional education of the people according to the WHO, compulsory.
“The diet should be a cornerstone of essential health care,” said the Deputy WHO Director-General Naoko Yamamoto.
Part of it is about the supply will preparations of mothers with iron and folic acid and the promotion of breastfeeding. In addition, should there be for children and Adult education, in order to reduce sugar and salt consumption, to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. To reduce the amount of salt per Person per day to less than five grams could save a life in a year, 1.7 million people, according to WHO.
Nutrient deficiency increases the risk for severe course of disease
But nutrient deficiencies can mountains, according to the WHO, significant health hazards. So a deficiency of Vitamin A could increase the risk that someone dies from a diarrhoeal disease.
Anaemia, blood poverty, the subject according to the WHO, currently about 800 million women in the world, can lead to decreased cognitive function in women, but also delayed cognitive development in children.
More than half of all Germans are overweight
The organization praises but also progress. There would be less children due to the lack of, or poor nutrition for their age were too small. In 1990, it had been in the under five-year-old still 252,2 million, or 39.2 percent of the children in the world, in 2018, only 149 million, or 21.9 percent.
On the other hand, obesity is increasing. While about 20 million under-five year olds are severely malnourished, 40 million are obese. In the case of the adults had Overweight globally in 2014 to 1.9 billion adults, of whom 600 million are so strong that they were considered obese. The proportion of Obese in the total population have doubled since 1980, says the WHO.
Obese Definition, people with a Body are, according to the WHO-Mass Index of more than 30. In the Body Mass Index is the ratio of height and weight is measured. According to the Robert Koch-Institute (RKI) relates to the currently, 67 percent of adult men and 53 percent of the adult women in Germany. A quarter of adults in Germany according to RKI even "strong übergewichtig".
Obese people would have to suffer according to the WHO, there is an increased risk, such as Diabetes, heart or cancer types such as breast, ovarian, prostate, liver – gallbladder, kidney, or developing colorectal cancer, warns the WHO.
With the 2025 goals set by the world health organization hazards, wants to go through incorrect or poor nutrition is now worldwide on the collar – and so until then, 3.7 million, save lives.
With Material of the dpa